Fibroids Q & A
What are uterine fibroids?
Uterine fibroids are benign tumors in or around the uterus. Fibroids can affect any of the tissue layers of the uterus and can range from the size of a small seed to the size of a grapefruit or larger.
Fibroids are categorized by where in the uterus the tumors are located:
- Intramural fibroids, found in the muscle layer of the uterus
- Submucosal fibroids, in the inner layer of uterine tissue, projecting into the uterine space
- Subserosal fibroids, on the outside layer of the uterus
Typically, fibroids are not cancerous and do not increase your risk of getting cancer.
What are the symptoms of uterine fibroids?
It is estimated that most women of childbearing age likely have uterine fibroids. Most fibroids do not cause symptoms. The size and location of your fibroids determine whether you have no symptoms or significant ones.
Symptoms you might experience if you have fibroids include:
- Abnormal and/or excessive bleeding
- Pelvic pain
- Back pain
- Frequent urination
- Pain during intercourse
These symptoms may be significant and may require evaluation and an expert treatment plan.
How do you diagnose and treat uterine fibroids?
To determine if you have fibroids that need treatment, Dr. Martin first takes a thorough health history. Then, he may follow up with one or a combination of these diagnostic tools:
- Pelvic exam
- CT or MRI
Your symptoms, the location of your fibroids, and their size determine the type of treatment that Dr. Martin recommends. Some treatment options for fibroid treatment may be:
- Hormone therapy to mimic menopause, possibly shrinking fibroids
- Medication to help relieve the pain caused by fibroids
- Steroid therapy to decrease inflammation and help with pain
- Surgery to either stop the fibroid from bleeding or remove the uterus
Dr. Martin takes your health history, his findings, and your symptoms into consideration when determining your individualized plan of care.
To schedule your expert consultation with Dr. Martin, call or book your appointment online today.